Scholars who have studied the Aspira consent decree, such as Isaura Santiago and Sandra del Valle, have analyzed the support for bilingual/bicultural education as part of a broader effort to gain an equal educational opportunity and address the high drop-out rate among minority group children. They also regard it as part of the struggle to gain greater community control of the schools.Antonia Pantoja, who founded Aspira in New York City in 1961, believed that the Puerto Rican communities of New York City, like other Latin American communities, understood that Spanish-English bilingualism and biliteracy (the ability to read and write in two languages) were indispensable tools for personal growth, community development, and sociocultural advancement. Thus, there was ample reason for the criticism of the consent decree that surfaced. Many community leaders were not satisfied with the transitional nature of the programs to be mandated by the decree.Aspira’s mission was that of helping to develop new leaders in New York among the city’s high school Puerto Rican youth.
As other Latino immigrants arrived in large numbers, they too were incorporated into the programs operated by Aspira in pursuit of this same goal. Biliteracy was seen as tied to academic achievement and also to ethnic awareness, selfaffirmation, and an ethic of social responsibility and problem solving.While Aspira was intended to represent non-English-speaking Puerto Rican and other Latino students, students from other ethnic and linguistic minority groups also benefited from the provisions of the consent decree, because the Lau compliance plan mirrored the consent decree’s key elements. The fact that Spanish-speaking ELLs were separated from other ELLs as a plaintiff class in the Aspira lawsuit and that the case was pursued as a Puerto Rican/Latino community effort has had unexpected consequences over the years.The absence of non-Latino ELL plaintiffs has led many to see the issue of bilingual education in New York City primarily as a concern of the Puerto Rican community and other emerging Latino groups. In later years, the linguistic diversity of other ELL populations and their presumed differences regarding the desirability of bilingual instruction would be used by school officials to argue for more choice in instructional models, especially for English immersion options.
A clairvoyant or psychic ability is seen as a spiritual gift but did you know that we can all develop these powers and unlock our own potential with the right training and a little determination. Discover for yourself what these powers are and how to awaken your inner abilities.
What is a Psychic?
A psychic is a person who is believed to possess extra sensory perception and is regarded as a highly intuitive individual. A psychic is used as a source to help provide information about the future. A clairvoyant is a person who is believed to have the ability to clearly see objects or events that cannot be perceived by the senses. A clairvoyant can help you gain perspective so you will be able to see and think things through more clearly.
A clairvoyant or psychic ability is seen as a spiritual gift and there are ways we can all develop these powers and unlock our own potential. Have you ever considered whether you have a psychic gift? Did you realise absolutely anyone can develop psychic powers and latent psychic abilities with the right information,Guest Posting training and of course determination, dedication and commitment.
Do you have times when you think about someone you haven’t seen in a long time and then you suddenly bump into them? Do you have dreams that often come true? Do you know who’s ringing you before you answer the phone? Each and everyone of us possesses a degree of psychic ability, often without even realising it. Most of us call upon our intuition on a daily basis to tell us about a situation or a person. Using your ‘gut feelings’ can be a wise move and more often than not those hunches turn out to be 100% correct. When we learn how to utilize these powers fully, we can use them to give us a first class advantage when it comes to getting what we want in life.